Reducing security risks in South Eastern Europe: National training in Montenegro
Nov 4, 2013
Accessing and using natural resources can trigger conflicts both within states and across sub-regions. However, the management of natural resources can also provide opportunities for conflict prevention and peace building, and entry points for cooperation.
Activities during the second phase of the ENVSEC Initiative include building human and institutional capacities for vulnerability and impact assessments, and raising awareness among stakeholders and the general public of climate change and adaptation. In the last few years Montenegro has implemented projects aimed at combating climate change and developed documents on the topic of climate change adaptation. Nevertheless, there are still gaps in institutional and human capacities for carrying out impact and vulnerability studies.
Within the framework of the ENVSEC Initiative, the REC organised the national training event “Vulnerability assessments addressing security risks connected to adaptation to climate change in Montenegro” on November 4, 2013. The aim of the training, held in Podgorica, Montenegro, was to build capacities for carrying out climate change impact assessments. The training was aimed at local authorities and at the authorities of national parks sharing borders with countries that could potentially represent a risk to Montenegro's security.
More than 20 participants attended the training, including representatives of the City of Podgorica; the municipalities of Berane, Danilovgrad, Herceg Novi, Kolasin, Kotor, Niksic, Pluzine, Pljevlja, Tivat and Zabljak; national park authorities from Durmitor and Skadar lakes; the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism, headed by the state secretary; and the Institute for Hydrometeorology and Seismology of Montenegro, EPA-Montenegro, the University of Montenegro, and the University of Donja Gorica.
The event began with a presentation of climate change conditions and Montenegrin policies, and the introduction of an early warning system for extreme weather conditions. There was also a presentation on the influence of climate change on biodiversity and responses to it in the form of local biodiversity actions plans.
The second part of the event comprised a training session on integrating climate change adaptation strategies into decision-making processes. Stakeholder involvement by sector in the adaptation process in both the European and international context was also discussed. The importance of vulnerability assessments as a central element of the adaptation process was highlighted during the session, and examples of how to assess vulnerability in various regions (Africa, Europe and Central America) were reviewed. The identification of feasible short-term and long-term adaptation measures was discussed, as were opportunities for Montenegro to access financial resources for climate change adaptation.
The national training and further activities under the project "Building capacities for comprehensive quantitative and qualitative vulnerability and adaptation assessment and raising awareness among stakeholders and the population on climate change adaptation" fall under the second phase of the ENVSEC Programme “Transforming Environmental and Security Risks into Cooperation in South East Europe”. The activities are financed by the Austrian Development Agency.